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    13What are the different styles of music? Musical style – the notion of succinct and comprehensive. It can be defined as a figure of unity, the totality of means of artistic expression and ideological content through the language of music.

    The concept of style of music is so widespread that itself begs the relation: this term refers to different eras, genres, schools, and of individual composers and even performers. Let’s try to understand what are the different styles of music.

    The style of the era

    The concept of style of the era focuses on the historical aspect. There are many classifications, some of which highlight the major historical periods in the development of music (Renaissance, Baroque, classicism, modernity, etc.), while others are crushed history of music in a relatively small periods previously identified in other art disciplines (romanticism, impressionism, modernism, etc.).

    A classic example of the style of the era is Baroque music, the characteristics of which is the interest in the inner world of the personality, the dramatic, high-contrast image of the forces of nature, the development of Opera and instrumental music (C. Monteverdi, A. Vivaldi, G. F. Handel).

    Genre style

    The style of the genre reflects the specific content, musical techniques and features of those or other genres of music, which, in turn, can be classified on various grounds.

    Therefore, the concept of style most appropriate for those genres. in which the most pronounced similarities. This could include genres, which are based on folk music (different songs, folk dances), Church hymns, ballads.

    If we take the works of major forms (Opera, oratorio, Symphony, etc.), here the style of the genre always clearly read, despite the fact that it is imposed styles of the era, direction and writing style.

    But if a composer comes up with some new genre, in this case, the features of the genre style, difficult to set – this will take time, during which there will be other works in the same genre. This was, for example, from “songs without words” by Mendelssohn. Agree, strange song without words, but after his 48 sample pieces in this genre and other composers began to safely give their pieces the same name.

    Style musical direction

    Style musical direction is very much in keeping with the style of the era: after all, some trends are considered by musicologists as the whole era in music.

    But there are directions for which it is possible to allocate them their own stylistic nuances. These include the Vienna classical school (L. van Beethoven, J. Haydn, W. A. Mozart). Classic trend is characterized by simplicity, expressiveness, rich harmonic language, the detailed development of the theme.

    Speaking about what are the different styles of music, you can’t pass by the national peculiarities.

    National style

    The Foundation of a national musical style is folk beginning. Many great composers were inspired by folk melodies, weaving them into their creations. Some works even have the appropriate names (for example, Hungarian rhapsodies of Franz Liszt, “Hungarian dances” by Brahms, “Norwegian folk songs and dances for piano” E. Grieg, “jota Aragonese” M. I. Glinka). In other people’s motives become leading themes (for example, In a field the birch stood” in the finale of the Fourth Symphony by P. I. Tchaikovsky).

    If we approach the question of what are the different styles of music, from the point of view of composition schools, individual composers & musicians, it is possible to identify several musical styles.

    The style of the composers Association

    If school of composition characterized by a high degree of commonality of artistic techniques, it is logical to mention the style characteristic of this school.

    You can talk about the styles of the polyphonic schools of the Renaissance, about the various styles of Italian Opera school of the XVII century or the instrumental styles of schools of the XVII-XVIII centuries.

    In Russian music of the nineteenth century, there was also a creative Association of composers – famous “Mighty handful”. Stylistic community we are part of this group of composers was evident in a single line of development, the choice of subjects, relying on Russian folk music.

    The individual style of the composer

    Compositional style – a concept that is much easier to specify, as the works of any composer is limited to a relatively small time period and defined trends musical era. So, literally the first time can learn, for example, the music of Mozart or Rossini.

    Naturally, the composer, and as any person who in the course of life is changing, and this affects the style of his work. But some stylistic features still remain the same, inherent, are a kind of “calling card” of the author.

    Performing style

    Performing arts based on individual performance style of the musician, who in his own way interprets the intent of the composer. Performing style is evident in the emotional content of the execution of works of a particular author.

    Prime examples here are those composers who were besides and musicians-virtuosos. This Niccolo Paganini, who amazed the audience impeccable technique and unusual methods of playing the violin, and a brilliant pianist, Sergei Rachmaninoff, a true knight music that has subjected the melodic outline strict rhythmical pattern.

    Here what are the different styles of music. This list, of course, can be supplemented by the classification on other grounds, as the world’s musical heritage is vast and diverse.

    Author – Svetlana Subbotina